The major purpose of the earliest concentration camps during the 1930s was to incarcerate and intimidate the leaders of political, social, and cultural movements that the Nazis perceived to be a threat to the survival of the regime. 6 des décédés des camps de concentration: Dachau. In 2 weeks in January and February 1939 around 500,000 men, women and children crossed the border. The first Nazi concentration camp was Dachau, established in March 1933, near Munich. Les camps de concentration (Konzentrationslager, abrégé par KL ou KZ) faisaient partie intégrante du régime allemand nazi entre 1933 et 1945.Le terme désignait un camp où des gens étaient détenus ou enfermés dans des conditions souvent pénibles et sans aucun respect pour les normes juridiques d'arrestation et d'emprisonnement d'une démocratie constitutionnelle. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. The First Concentration Camp. Including the satellite camps, the total number of Nazi concentration camps that existed at one point in time is at least 1,000, although these did not all exist at the same time. This article presents a partial list of more prominent German concentration camps set up across Europe during World War II and the Holocaust. ISBN or ISSN: None. Administration pénitentiaire allemande. Documents relatifs à la déportation dans les camps de concentration Dates extrêmes 1937-1980 Noms des principaux producteurs Ministère des Prisonniers, Déportés et Réfugiés Ministère des Anciens Combattants et Victimes de la Guerre. According to the Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, there were 23 main concentration camps (German: Stammlager), of which most had a system of satellite camps. Museum or Other Institution Holdings: USHMM Library: Name Lists-France D804.195 .L5784 1945 [bound photocopy of original held by Yivo Library in New York]. Cette liste comprend les camps de concentration, les camps de concentration de jeunes, les camps d'extermination, camps de transit et divers autres camps similaires de la période du Troisième Reich. The most infamous internment camps before World War II were used to intern the Spanish Republican refugees and military personnel during the Spanish Civil War. 5 des décédés des camps de concentration: Flossenburg et ses kommandos. This is a partial list classified by country (1939-1945 borders). Wells – Camp is located in the O’Niel basin area, 40 miles north of Wells, past Thousand Springs, west off Hwy 93 for 25 miles. Liste officielle No. It does not include camps which were created for limited operations or time, as most of these were destroyed by the Nazis.Additionally, this list does not contain the names of the ghettos created by the Nazis. During the Holocaust, it is estimated that the Nazis established approximately 15,000 labor, death, and concentration camp. Le régime de Bush avait fait construire plus de 600 camps de concentrations répartis à travers tout le pays. Elko – Ten miles south of town. Pershing County – Camp is located at I-80 mile marker 112, south side of the highway, about a mile back … Liste officielle No.