• The Quebec government refused to accede to all FLQ demands. Fact file: What is Bill 101? He said he knew only a handful of people in the organization, which he believed to be much bigger than it really was. While he doubts young Quebecers will resort to bombs and kidnappings, he says it’s impossible to say another crisis could never happen. ”It always happens in a way you can’t imagine, and never at the time you think.”. 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Lalonde says the crisis convinced Trudeau of the importance of creating the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and contributed to the creation of new emergency measures legislation that was subject to it. Get a roundup of the most important and intriguing national stories delivered to your inbox every weekday. “It’s hard for a young person today to imagine there was a time when a lot of young people, a lot of publications, believed a revolution was possible in North America,” Comeau said in a phone interview. CBC Archives has a new look: Please go to cbc.ca/archives to access the new site. “When the government doesn’t respect youth, when it takes away an outstretched hand, when it stops them from demonstrating, it creates outbursts,” he said in an interview. Armed kidnappers force British Trade Commissioner James Cross into a taxi as he leaves his Montreal home for work. Comeau does not believe there is any attempt to justify the actions of the perpetrators. MONTREAL — At age 91, Marc Lalonde still remembers the shock he felt on Oct. 17, 1970 when Pierre Laporte’s body was discovered in the trunk of a car at an airport south of Montreal, a week after he had been kidnapped by a cell of the FLQ. He said his main role in the FLQ was providing material support and, eventually, writing press releases to be distributed to the media. But we had to face it.”, Until Laporte’s body was found, Lalonde said, Trudeau and other members of the federal government had still believed they would be able to negotiate with the FLQ, which Lalonde refers to as an “ultra-nationalist group.”, Read more: Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte was murdered 50 years ago Saturday by FLQ kidnappers. James Cross, now back in England, talks to the press about…. The act was put into effect following the kidnapping of British diplomat James Cross and Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte by the FLQ. Read more: While he’s glad the incident proved that Canadians have little tolerance for political violence, Comeau says some of the issues raised during the crisis remain unresolved. Has Confederation Been Good for Newfoundland? Faced with this refusal, the Chénier cell kidnapped the Minister of “Unemployment and Assimilation of Quebecers”, Pierre Laporte. Comeau says Laporte, as a progressive Quebec politician and a former journalist, should never have been a target, but at the time he felt it was part of the revolution. The kidnappers murdered Laporte and negotiations led to Cross's release. • The FLQ Manifesto called for Quebec's non-democratic separation from Canada, brought about by acts of terror. Robert Lemieux discusses urgency of crisis on day of first kidnapping. FLQ terrorist convicted of killing cabinet minister Pierre Laporte has died Open this photo in gallery: Former FLQ member Francis Simard gestures during a news conference in … After the FLQ manifesto was broadcast in October 1970, Québecers felt uplifted. “The killing of a senior provincial minister was just so, so unbelievably negative for the province,” he said in a phone interview. Wife of British diplomat emotionally discusses her husband's kidnapping. By this date, police have conducted 1,628 raids under the War Measures Act. Canada has approved 2 coronavirus vaccines. The FLQ's message has made its way across the country. 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Fifty years later, the events of the 1970 October Crisis, including the abductions of Laporte and British diplomat James Cross and the federal government’s decision to suspend civil liberties by invoking the War Measures Act, remain a dark period in the country’s history, with repercussions still being felt today. . How are other candidates progressing? In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. An English Canadian caller to CBC Radio's Double Take thinks francophones are a fairly privileged bunch. Laporte’s death had political repercussions for Quebec, as well as tragic consequences for his family, who lost a beloved father, husband and uncle. Armés de fusils, les membres du FLQ s’arrêtent au domicile de Pierre Laporte, sur la rive sud de Montréal, et le forcent à monter sur la banquette arrière de leur voiture. Please read our Commenting Policy first. Soldiers carrying machine guns raid homes of suspected FLQ members. A francophone caller to CBC Radio's Double Take is frustrated with English Canada. Read more: Two FLQ members — Paul Rose and Francis Simard — were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. Paul Rose, during an interview while serving time in prison for the murder of Pierre Laporte – October crisis / FLQ. Read more: But the group also gained some popular support for its political positions calling for an independent Quebec. 1970: FLQ kidnaps Pierre Laporte The Story In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. Pierre Laporte’s funeral is held at Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica. Elections, 1952-2005, N.B. It expressed many of their concerns. 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He was also motivated by a sense of anger over the economic discrimination against francophone Quebecers, whom he saw as a nation needing to break free from colonial rule. How The East Was Won: Nova Scotia Elections Since 1949, How the West is Won: B.C. Peter Daniel of CBC News reads a translation of a long letter from Pierre Laporte addressed to the Premier of…, Yesterday, kidnappers with machine guns pulled up to Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte's home and shoved him into the backseat…. The above picture of the body of Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte in the trunk of a car was one which shocked the normally-aplomb nation to its core. Depuis janvier 1971, la SQ sait précisément lequel des felquistes a causé la mort de Pierre Laporte, mais elle n’a jamais pu l’accuser directement. Quebec politician drops plan for tribute to late FLQ member. A brief list of terror plots involving Canada. 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The Journal recaps the crisis and examines what it meant for Quebec nationalism. There was no more sympathy,” he said. Another mutated coronavirus strain has been found in the U.K. Germany appeals for 2 Michaels’ release at final UN meeting, China says ‘good riddance’, Edmonton-area family with sick child devastated by Christmas layoff, Researchers observe Red Sea octopuses ‘punching’ fish that compete for food, Coronavirus: Toronto sex shop owner refuses to shut doors, claims store is essential, Coronavirus: Canada’s top doctor says country remains on trajectory for ‘even stronger’ COVID-19 resurgence in coming months, Approximately 150 Calgary Transit buses stuck after winter storm, Health Canada approves Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine, Timeline: Notable dates in Canada’s history, A brief list of terror plots involving Canada, Quebec politician drops plan for tribute to late FLQ member, Paul Rose, prominent figure in Quebec history and October crisis, has died. Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte has been found strangled. Now he feels differently. That changed after Pierre Laporte was found dead in … The October Crisis (French: Crise d'Octobre) occurred in October 1970 in the province of Quebec in Canada, mainly in the Montreal metropolitan area. Timeline: Notable dates in Canada’s history. He’s happy that period in Quebec’s history “didn’t last long.”. Pierre Laporte's body is taken from the trunk of 1968 Chevrolet on Oct. 18, 1970. In his film, “Les Rose,” he explores his father and uncle’s upbringing in a poor suburb of Montreal, at a time when men were expected to work in “miserable” conditions in factories where they had few educational opportunities and were humiliated for speaking French. Laporte's death would mark the beginning of the end of the FLQ as sympathy abruptly shifted away from the group. Three principal stages can be identified in the federal aggression of 1970. Paul Rose, leader of the FLQ's Chenier cell, which kidnapped Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte In 1970, the FLQ numbered some 35 people, loosely organized and divided on priorities. Halloween Across the Years, The Wrongful Conviction of David Milgaard, Pushing Past Borders: Canada & International Drug Trafficking, A Lost Heritage: Canada's Residential Schools, An Inuit Education: Honouring a Past, Creating a Future, Who Cares For Our Kids? ‘A tragedy for Quebec’: Pierre Laporte’s death remembered 50 years later, Je Me Souviens is marking the 50th anniversary of the October Crisis with a virtual exhibition told from a soldier’s perspective. The FLQ, a terrorist organization founded in the early 1960’s, was a paramilitary faction of the Quebec sovereignty movement that conducted over 160 violent attacks between 1963 and 1970. (Note: Footage in French only.). Elections: Colourful Characters, Pivotal Points, Northwest Territories: Voting in Canada's North, P.E.I. Trudeau used Lalonde to stay on top of developments in Quebec. The separatist, socialist Front de libération du Québec had begun setting off bombs in 1963, waging a campaign of terror that by 1970 had resulted in five deaths. The film focuses on the family of Paul and Jacques Rose, two members of the Front de Liberation du Quebec convicted for the kidnapping and murder of then-Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte, in 1970. Pierre Laporte was at home in the Montreal suburb of St. Lambert, throwing a football with his nephew on the front lawn, when a group of men drove up in a … Canada's Constitutional Debate: What Makes a Nation? It did agree to broadcasting the FLQ Manifesto on Radio-Canada, and guaranteeing the kidnappers safe passage anywhere in the world. CBC asks people on the street what they think of the kidnappings. Related Stories “As of the death of Pierre Laporte, the sympathy was completely dropped. The page you are looking at will not be updated. The Quiet Revolution turned bloody in 1963. “In history, we can’t predict,” he said. The body of Pierre Laporte, with Premier and Mrs. Robert Bourassa kneeling before it, lies in state Monday, Oct. 20, 1970 in the Montreal courthouse, attended by … While Lalonde describes the October Crisis as a “tragedy for Quebec,” he believes some positive elements came from it. October 16 at 4:00 a.m.: The War Measures Act goes into effect. Two FLQ members -- Paul Rose and Francis Simard -- were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. Want to discuss? Pierre Laporte, né le 25 février 1921 à Montréal et retrouvé mort le 17 octobre 1970, est un avocat, journaliste et homme politique québécois. Liberal Justice Minister John Turner defends Trudeau's contentious War Measures Act. At age 91, Marc Lalonde still remembers the shock he felt on Oct. 17, 1970 when Pierre Laporte’s body was discovered in the trunk of a car at an airport south of Montreal, a week after he had been kidnapped by a cell of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ). October 10: Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte is kidnapped by members of the FLQ's Chénier cell. Rose’s son, Felix Rose, released a documentary about the family over the summer, born out of what he said was his attempt to reconcile how the “gentle” father he knew could have been involved in a man’s death. In response, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoked the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act. Photo by Montreal Star/Photo-Canada Wide.